How Did The 1918 Flu Spread?

When was the last pandemic flu?

The most recent pandemic occurred in 2009 and was caused by an influenza A (H1N1) virus.

It is estimated to have caused between 100 000 and 400 000 deaths globally in the first year alone..

How long would a flu pandemic last?

A pandemic is not a “one time” event and periods of illnesses may come in 2 or 3 “waves” anywhere from 3 to 12 months apart. The total duration of a pandemic is likely to be 12 to 18 months.

How long did the 1918 flu last?

The Spanish flu, also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic caused by the H1N1 influenza A virus. Lasting from February 1918 to April 1920, it infected 500 million people – about a third of the world’s population at the time – in four successive waves.

Where did the 1918 flu come from?

1918 Flu Pandemic That Killed 50 Million Originated in China, Historians Say. Patients lie in an influenza ward at a U.S. Army camp hospital in Aix-les-Baines, France, during World War I.

How many died in the 1918 flu?

It is estimated that about 500 million people or one-third of the world’s population became infected with this virus. The number of deaths was estimated to be at least 50 million worldwide with about 675,000 occurring in the United States.

What animal did the 1918 flu come from?

The 1918 influenza pandemic caused an estimated 50 million to 100 million deaths worldwide. The virus that caused the 1918 influenza pandemic probably sprang from North American domestic and wild birds, not from the mixing of human and swine viruses.

How was the 1918 flu treated?

The treatment was largely symptomatic, aiming to reduce fever or pain. Aspirin, or acetylsalicylic acid was a common remedy. For secondary pneumonia doses of epinephrin were given. To combat the cyanosis physicians gave oxygen by mask or some injected it under the skin (JAMA, 10/3/1918).

What were the symptoms of the 1918 flu?

The first wave of the 1918 pandemic occurred in the spring and was generally mild. The sick, who experienced such typical flu symptoms as chills, fever and fatigue, usually recovered after several days, and the number of reported deaths was low.

How did the horrific 1918 flu spread?

The 1918 pandemic virus infected cells in the upper respiratory tract, transmitting easily, but also deep in the lungs, damaging tissue and often leading to viral as well as bacterial pneumonias.

Why was the 1918 flu called the Spanish flu?

Why Was It Called the ‘Spanish Flu?’ The 1918 influenza pandemic did not, as many people believed, originate in Spain. … As the pandemic reached epic proportions in the fall of 1918, it became commonly known as the “Spanish Flu” or the “Spanish Lady” in the United States and Europe.

What American city was one of the hardest hit by the 1918 flu?

Philadelphia was the hardest-hit city in the United States. After the Liberty Loan parade (celebrations to promote government bonds that helped pay for the Allied cause in Europe) on September 28, thousands of people became infected.

What was the worst disease in history?

20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics in historyFlu pandemic: 1889-1890. … American polio epidemic: 1916. … Spanish Flu: 1918-1920. … Asian Flu: 1957-1958. … AIDS pandemic and epidemic: 1981-present day. … H1N1 Swine Flu pandemic: 2009-2010. … West African Ebola epidemic: 2014-2016. … Zika Virus epidemic: 2015-present day.More items…•

How quickly did the Spanish flu spread?

The 1918 Flu Virus Spread Quickly In fact, the 1918 pandemic actually caused the average life expectancy in the United States to drop by about 12 years for both men and women. In 1918, many people got very sick, very quickly. In March of that year, outbreaks of flu-like illness were first detected in the United States.